Research areas and competencies of CAMT are within the most recent development, manufacturing and informatics systems trends known not only in Poland. A broad extent of carried out research programmes and implementation projects assures a constant technological improvement and enhances the scientific and research potential of CAMT – over the centre's existence (since 2000) it has grown from 16 to 76 employees (2 full professors, 3 associate professors, 28 assistant professors, 23 postgraduates and 23 scientific-research workers, paid of commissions and projects). This trend is highly conducive to establishing a close cooperation with industry and enables to carry out research projects in national and international associations – several projects within the frame of FP6/FP7/H2020 and commissioned directly from industry, chiefly German, were carried out. Unprecedented so far international contacts, involving staff exchange (dozens of people a year, some of whom come to the Centre from abroad), create additional possibilities of research and staff potential development and contribute to a high recognition of the CAMT Research Team's output. As a result, the Marshall of the Lower-Silesian Voivodeship called into being the Lower Silesian Innovation and Science Park (DPIN), managed by the CAMT workers. The DPIN created Technology Innovation Cluster and coordinates its activities (a project form Regional Operational Programme was acquired), it has also prepared many deals with other European clusters
It goes without saying, that the CAMT's status as the Centre of Excellence has changed the approach to all the important aspects of scientific research, commercialization of its results and technology transfer. During our activity, we gained many research, development and industrial projects, working out top scientific research organization methods. We also cooperate with dozens of research centres all over the world and managed to build one of the most modern laboratories in Europe. Our staff consist of young and resilient people (of all the workers, 5 persons are older than 50 years, another 5 have more than 40 years and the rest have around 30 years or less). It is an important aspect of continuous improvement of our engineering staff, which should have an opportunity to master the most recent technologies applied in advanced sectors of not only domestic but also international industry and take up their own scientific activity.
It is an important aspect of continuous improvement of our engineering staff, which should have an opportunity to master the most recent technologies applied in advanced sectors of not only domestic but also international industry and take up their own scientific activity.
CAMT as the Fraunhofer Project Center
By virtue of the contract signed on 24th September 2008, our research centre became a part of the international Fraunhofer Research Centre (FRC), established in association with Fraunhofer Gesellschaft and with Institut für Werkstoff- und Strahltechnik (IWS) in particular, in the area of laser and generative technologies. Together with our international partners, we conduct research in the field of development and application of laser, special and hybrid technologies.
By joining our partner's experiences in the field of laser applications with our own experience in production management, we work together over the generative manufacturing technologies development.
Technological part of CAMT is organized in the form of five laboratories:
LASER – laser technology laboratory – to perform research of processes and laser technologies, mainly: welding, cladding, laser surface treatment, micromachining, precision cutting, laser beam quality monitoring.
BadMat – material testing laboratory – to perform research in the field of inspection and control of materials and mechanical relating to the identification of important factors affecting technological process (macro- and micro material properties, mechanical properties, surface properties, chemical composition, etc.).
LRPD – rapid prototyping laboratory – rapid prototyping (RP) and tools for prototype series (RT) technologies development, which are used in the early stages of production development, which helps reduce time and cost associated with the introduction of the product on the market.
LRE - reverse engineering laboratory (accreditation PCA No. AB 969) – digitizing of physical objects to the three-dimensional computer models; conducting research as an essential stage in reverse engineering – a field dealing with the reproduction rules of constructing and operation of materials objects, both natural and man-made. Metrological study – computer tomography.
MVlab – visual quality control laboratory – to perform research and development of new methods, technologies and equipment for optical measurement and inspection of surface quality, including: simulations of optical and lighting systems, inspection of the metal products surface, optical measurements and 3D laser scanning, robotic vision inspection, thermal effects monitoring.
Equipment and technical possibilities of laser laboratories:
- SLM 250, Realizer GmbH – Selective Laser Melting machine,
- SLM 50, Realizer GmbH – Selective Laser Melting machine,
- EBM A1, ARCAM – Electron Beam Melting machine,
- Laser radiation source: 3 fibre lasers 50 W, 100 W and 200 W, diode laser 2 kW, picosecond laser, disc laser 4 kW, impulse laser max. 8 kW, CO2 laser 2 kW,
- Robotized system for welding and laser cladding with additional materials, based on kinematics of an industrial robot RV60-40 REIS designed for cladding functional coatings by powder remelting,
- System for welding and laser cladding , based on kinematics of an 5-axis C20U (HERMLE),
- Plasma system for micro- and nano- APS coatings,
- Powder feeders: GVT and PALAST; Coaxially powder feed heads: 3 different heads IWS Fraunhofer and the Fraunhofer ILT head,
- Chamber for laser processing (powder cladding and welding) under protective atmosphere with measurement apparatus (<15ppm O2) for Ar, He, N2 and their mixtures. Infrastructure in range of cooling systems, optical fibers and aspiration and filters for technical gases,
- Two-color pyrometers SC7500, FLIR,
- Thermovision Camera SC7000 FLIR – a camera for applications requiring high speed and frequency of data recording, frame frequency up to 380 Hz, HDRC camera for the weld pool monitoring, Focus monitor (PRIMES), Beam Monitor (PRIMES) and PowerMonitor (PRIMES).
Laboratory equipment in material testing field:
- Complete system for sample preparation,
- Optical and digital microscopes,
- Confocal microscope OLS4000, Olympus,
- Scanning Electron Microscope, ZEISS + EDS + 3D surface analyser,
- Potentiostat - Galvanostat ATLAS 0531, EU,
- Interferometer Taylor Hobson,
- Industrial Computer Tomograph METROTOM, 1500 ZEISS,
- Software dedicated for measuring surface topography, particle size and metrological measurement, in micro- and nano scale.
Laboratory equipment in mechanical testing field:
- Static testing machine 8872, INSTRON,
- Fatigue testing machine 3384, INSTRON,
- Hardness testing machine 432SVD, Wilson Wolpert,
- Micro-hardness testing machine, Zwick Roel,
- High-speed camera Phantom v710.
Other CAMT equipment:
- Software for FEM analysis (ABAQUS, ANSYS, Fluent),
- Software for topological optimization (WITHIN),
- Software for 3D modelling (CATIA, SolidWorks, ProE, INVENTOR, NX I-deas),
- Software for CT data analysis (VolumeGraphics, Mimics),
- Software for data processing dedicated for additive technology (Magics),
- METROTOM 1500 ZEISS and a series of 3D scanners: optical, laser and touch,
- 3D printers to processing plastic materials (FDM, CJP, SL, SLS, MJM),
- Optical detectors (monochromatic and colour matrix cameras, fast line cameras, multiscan 3D Ranger C55 Sick IVP camera, so called “intelligent cameras” i.e. integrated with microcumputers embedded, spectrometer Ocean Optics HR 4000, light power measure), optical systems (telecentric lenses, microscopical and boroscopic),
- 5-axis machine tool B300 U HERMLE – a machine for precise surface machining with very high quality,
- CNC machines, lathe, milling machines, etc.
CAMT provides as the University and Research Centre both training and R&D in areas actively investigated in CAMT which may be classified as follows:
1. Product design and development
a. Computer Aided technologies: CAD, CAM, CAE, Virtual Prototyping
b. Modelling, simulation and optimisation in mechanical engineering
c. Product Lifecycle Management, Production Management
d. Knowledge Management
e. Standardisation in design, product development and manufacturing
2. Materials engineering
a. New materials (alloys, composites, smart materials, magnetic materials, powders of metals, ceramics and polymers, etc.)
b. Materials technologies (micro-metallurgy, composite manufacturing, 3D printing, etc.)
c. Characterisation of materials (static, dynamic, thermal, chemical, etc.)
3. Manufacturing technologies
c. Injection moulding
d. Machining (difficult-to-machine materials, micro-machining, precision machining, etc.)
e. Surface engineering
f. Bonding (welding, joining, etc.)
g. Heat treatment
h. Additive manufacturing (selective polymerisation, sintering, melting, etc.)
i. Hybrid technologies (multi-materials, multi-functional materials, etc.)
4. Manufacturing processes
a. Management of manufacturing processes (quality, supply chain, lean, etc.), ICT
b. Manufacturing machines and equipment, mechatronics
c. Architectures of manufacturing systems (agent, distributed and network manufacturing)
d. Process automation, robotics
e. Monitoring and control, diagnostics
f. Inspection (industrial metrology, characterisation of parts and structures)
5. Interdisciplinary experimental investigations for mechanical engineering
a. Experiment planning
b. Multi-domain simulations (multi-material structures, multi-functional structures, optomechatronics)
c. Metrology (for geometry, surface, material, etc.), reverse engineering
6. Application-specific technologies
a. Biomedical, health care
b Aerospace, defence
c. Energy (nuclear, green, photovoltaics)
d. Transport (automotive, ship building, mobile robots)
e. Mining machines and equipment (raw materials, copper, coal)
f. Food industry
g. Micro- and nano-technologies